Steering Rack



Steering System


Steering Rack

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How Does a Steering Rack Works and When Should You Replace It?

The steering system is one of the most critical components of any vehicle. It allows for the control of the car movement. At the heart of this system is the steering rack, which is responsible for converting the rotational motion of the steering wheel into the linear motion required to turn the wheels.

A steering rack is an important part of the steering system that helps to guide the wheels in the desired direction. It’s a mechanical device that sits in the engine bay, connecting the steering column to the wheels via the tie rods. Knowing the components of the steering rack, how it works and when it needs to be replaced is crucial for maintaining safe and reliable vehicle operation.


What Does a Steering Rack Include?

The steering rack is made of several parts that contribute to the effective functionality of the car and how it moves. These parts include:

Steering Shaft
The steering shaft is typically made of steel and runs from the steering wheel through the firewall to the steering rack. It’s the component that connects the steering wheel to the steering rack. When the steering wheel is turned, the rotational motion is transmitted through the steering shaft to the steering rack.

Steering Rack Tie Rod
This is an essential component that connects the steering rack to the wheels. The steering rack tie rod is responsible for transmitting the linear motion of the steering rack to the wheels, which then causes them to turn.

Steering Rack Oil Cooler
The steering rack oil cooler is typically installed in performance vehicles or vehicles that are used for heavy-duty purposes. It works by circulating power steering fluid through a heat exchanger that helps to dissipate heat and keep the steering rack lubricated.

Steering Rack Seal Kit
The steering rack seal kit is a set of seals that are used to prevent power steering fluid from leaking out of the steering rack. Over time, the seals in the steering rack can wear out, resulting in fluid leaks. A seal kit contains all the necessary seals to replace the worn-out seals in the steering rack and restore it to its proper working condition.

Steering Rack Bellows
Steering rack bellows, also known as steering rack boots, are rubber covers that protect the steering rack from dirt, debris, and moisture. They are located on either end of the steering rack and are designed to prevent contaminants from entering the steering rack and causing damage.


How Does It Work?

The steering rack is a toothed bar that runs horizontally across the engine bay and is connected to the steering column via the steering shaft. When the steering wheel is turned, the rotational motion of the steering shaft is transmitted to the pinion gear at the end of the shaft. The pinion gear engages with the teeth on the steering rack, causing it to move linearly. The direction and distance the rack moves depend on the direction and amount of rotation of the steering wheel.

As the steering rack moves, it pushes or pulls on the tie rods, which are connected to the front wheels. The motion of the tie rods causes the wheels to turn in the desired direction, allowing for the control of the car’s direction and movement.

Most car racks, such as the Nissan steering rack, Volvo steering rack, and Camry steering rack use power steering to assist with the turning. A hydraulic or electric pump provides additional force to the steering system, making it easier to turn the wheels. The power steering pump sends pressurized fluid to the steering rack, which helps to reduce the effort required to turn the wheels, especially at low speeds.


When to Replace a Worn Steering Rack

A worn steering rack can lead to problems with the steering system, reducing the ability to control the vehicle and potentially compromising safety. Some signs of a worn steering rack include:

Noises from the steering system: It may produce a variety of sounds, such as clunking, clicking, or knocking. These noises may be more noticeable when turning the steering wheel or when driving over bumps or rough roads.

Vibration on the steering wheel: It can cause vibrations to be felt through the steering wheel, especially when driving at higher speeds. These vibrations may feel like a shaking or wobbling sensation and can be a sign that the steering rack is not operating correctly.

Blunt pinion gear: The pinion gear at the end of the steering shaft can become worn or blunt over time, leading to problems with the steering rack’s operation. This can cause the rack to make unusual noises, including squeaking, grinding, or buzzing sounds.

Having any of these signs, it’s important to have it inspected by a certified mechanic. Following this, the problem will be diagnosed and the suitable custom steering rack or aftermarket steering rack will be recommended. It’s essential to use a replacement that is designed specifically for the vehicle. For example, a Mazda 6 steering rack replacement should be used for a Mazda 6, and a Hilux steering rack replacement for a Hilux. Using the wrong type of steering rack can cause further damage.



A steering rack operation is a complex mechanism that requires precision to effectively control the movement of the vehicle. Hence, every minor steering rack sound noticed should be reported to a professional mechanic to ensure safe driving.

Need professional help with your vehicle’s steering rack operation? Simply contact us!

Are Aftermarket Steering Racks Safe & Worth It?

Exploring the realm of aftermarket steering racks prompts the vital question: are they both safe and a worthy investment? Let’s embark on a journey through the twists and turns of this automotive upgrade.

When considering aftermarket steering racks, Kowze, a trusted aftermarket steering rack supplier, beckons with a range of options. These components play a pivotal role in dictating your vehicle’s handling and responsiveness.

However, the path to steering improvement isn’t without its pitfalls. Quality varies among manufacturers, so meticulous research is essential. While some aftermarket racks can enhance precision and road feel, others may fall short.

In conclusion, the decision to go aftermarket with steering rack hinges on the vehicles, driving preferences, and the quality of the product. With the right choice, your customers can steer toward improved performance and handling, making it a worthy investment.

Kowze: Premium Custom Steering Rack Provider

Kowze has raw material sourcing teams, stylish designers, and manufacturing engineers to work together with our customers. We are an OEM & ODM aftermarket car parts supplier providing comprehensive solutions for cars and our clients.

Whether you need Nissan steering racks or Mitsubishi Lancer steering racks, we will be committed to making all-around solutions to meet your requirements and specifications.

  • ODM and OEM are available, the small MOQ is 500 pcs for molding. If the conditions are satisfied, we can also provide an MOQ of less than 500 pcs.
  • Tough metal with collision avoidance system.
  • Win-win business for mutual benefits.


Every durable steering rack is custom-made to the requirements and vehicle type of clients. The possibilities for its designs are limitless. Please tell us what you want, and we’ll make it happen. Our parts are the strongest and toughest in the industry.